Artists routinely positioned blacks at the edge of the canvas. This painting of Cassiobury Park is an example.
A gravestone in St Mary's churchyard tells the story of one of Cassiobury's black servants.
An introduction to the history of Cassiobury House, the Earls of Essex and the park.
An engraving of servants at Cassiobury from 1774, perhaps offering satirical comment on their masters' behaviour.
A painting by Turner shows a black servant who is well-dressed and evidently enjoys high status among his workmates.
Life before Watford was turned inside out